Vertical spaces in houses and building walls are oftentimes underused. Most of the time, they just stand blankly with plain and boring paint. Some holds dirt, while others become canvasses for graffiti artists. A wall garden, better known as green wall, is a great way to utilize free vertical spaces. This is a good solution for people who want to grow their vegetables at home, as well as simultaneously beautify plain or unsightly walls.
But like regular gardening, wall gardens can be tough and demanding. Though it’s not rocket science, it requires a lot of things to work out. Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your free vertical space and grow your own vegetables:
Choose a good sunny wall.
Determine the exact spot for your garden. You don’t have to choose the ugliest wall to work on. Rather, you should consider the amount of sunlight that wall gets every day. If you’re going to grow herbs and vegetables, then you should choose a wall that gets at least six (6) hours of sunlight a day. Also, consider the types of plants you want to grow in your wall garden. Some vegetables require more sunlight to survive, while some need less.
If you live in a limited space such as an apartment, then a sunny balcony will do. But if you have a lawn and a yard, your best available option is to choose a sunny location that faces south.
Build the frame and its support structure.
For your vegetables to grow on your wall, you need a system of vertical support. Though there are no hard and fast rules as to how you should build your green wall, there are basic guides that will help you simplify things. The most common support structures are arches and arbors, both of which can work as the main areas for supporting your vegetables. Almost any type of structure that faces the sky can also be used as support. You can consider more creative alternatives such as tree branches ladders, bamboo poles, etc. as well.
Make sure that the support system is strong and can really support the soil and vegetables you want to put on your vertical garden. Also, consider the types of plants you wish to grow. Peas, for example, don’t need elaborate and heavy-duty structures, while tomatoes may need something sturdier.
Before planting vegetables, put the support system in your soon-to-be garden. This will keep you from damaging your vegetables. Choose to place vertical supports in either north or east-side of your preferred garden spot. These are the areas with most sunlight.
Secure the support system by anchoring them. Flat vertical supports, like trellises, can be used with your home’s exterior wall. Make sure to leave enough space between the wall and the trellis when attaching the vertical support to your wall. This keeps better air circulation in your vegetable gardens as your plant grows and climbs.
Ready your soil.
It’s no secret that soil quality is important for the growth of a plant. Soil should be full of nutrients and with the right amount of minerals. However, you should also consider proper drainage for the soil’s containers. A weed-free and compost-rich soil is your best option.
Choose your garden containers.
If you’re growing plants from a container, then you most certainly can use any type of container. However, make sure that you get enough depth on your containers in order to support the root’s growth. Obviously, bigger vegetables need bigger and more hard-wearing containers. You can also opt for baskets, coffee cans, wash tubs, or even wooden crates. Make sure there are enough drainage holes in your containers before you start filling them with soil.
For more information about vertical vegetable gardening, check out VerticalGrow.com.au.